Final Review:

The Republic:

The System: will include you
3 classes: rulers, guardians, craftspeople
Virtues of society: Wisdom, Courage, Temperance, Justice
Appropriate education for each type of person

For the individual soul, we have: Reason, Passions, and Appetites

Efficiently and effectively prepare and equip citizens for sought-after society

The Allegory

Default model for liberal learning: cave inhabitants and the journey to leave the cave.

Socrates as Teacher

Dialectic as method
Socrates models teaching as a fulfilling way of life, even outside of student results


The One Best System:

Rural School Problem
Urbanization
Industrialization
Community control of schools
Professionalization of teaching
Horace Mann
John Philbrick
Nicholas Butler
Common Schools
Critics of “One Best System”
Black teachers
Segregated schools
Administrative Progressives
Pedagogical Progressives
School Board Composition before and after Admin Prog. Agenda
Teacher unions
Margaret Haley
Ella Flagg Young
School Surveys
Americanization
School impact on culture

Democracy and Education:

Communication
Education as a social necessity
Formal education
Informal education
Environment
School environment
Like-mindedness
Growth
Immaturity
Dependence
Plasticity
Capacity
Habit
Potentiality
Education as preparation
Education as unfolding
Technical definition of education (education as reconstruction of experience)
Interest
Discipline
Aim
Philosophy of education
morals in education
Democracy
Democratic conception in education
Experience and thinking (thoughtful action)
Play and work


The Process of Education:

Structure
Spiral curriculum
intuitive thinking
analytic thinking
Discovery Learning
Tropism
Interest
Devising curriculum
Good theory (25)
Intellectual honesty
Trial and Error
Imagination
Stages of learning
Using vs. expressing rules
Medium questions
Teaching aids
Heuristics
Algorithms
Meritocracy